Neurocognitive and Health Correlates of Overweight and Obesity among Ten-Year-Old Children Born Extremely Preterm

Olivia Linthavong, T Michael O’Shea, Elizabeth Allred, Eliana Perrin, Melissa Bauserman, Robert M Joseph, Alan Leviton, Timothy C Heeren, Karl C K Kuban, Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborn (ELGAN) Research Study

J Pediatr. 2018 Sep;200:84-90.e4.

PubMed Link

BMI category at 10 years was not associated with differences in intelligence, language, or academic achievement. Parents of children with obesity were more likely to report their child had asthma (OR 2.2; 95% CI 1.4-3.5), fair/poor general health (OR 3.2; 95% CI 1.4-7.5), and decreased physical function (OR 1.7; 95% CI 1.1-2.9) but less likely to have physician diagnosed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (OR 0.5; 95% CI 0.3-0.97) or an individualized education plan (OR 0.6; 95% CI 0.4-0.99).

CONCLUSION: Among children born EP, elevated BMI is not associated with a difference in neurocognitive function. However, asthma, fair/poor general health, and decreased physical function more prevalent among participants with obesity, and ADHD and individualized education plan were less prevalent.