Risk factors and correlates of neonatal growth velocity in extremely low gestational age newborns: the ELGAN Study

Julie Bartholomew, Camilia R Martin, Elizabeth Allred, Minghua L Chen, Richard A Ehrenkranz, Olaf Dammann, Alan Leviton

Neonatology. 2013;104(4):298-304.

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In MV model, only ventilator dependence on day 7 (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.5-3.2), early persistent pulmonary dysfunction (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.3-2.5), and postnatal exposure to dex (OR 2.8, 95% CI 1.2-6.5) were associated with increased risk of being in lowest GV quartile. Low caloric intake was not associated with low GV (OR 1.3, 95% CI 0.9-1.9). Variables associated with severe pulmonary disease convey more information about risk of reduced GV in first 28 postnatal days than does low caloric intake.