Socioemotional dysfunctions at age 10 years in extremely preterm newborns with late-onset bacteremia

Kikelomo Babata, H. Reeve Bright, Elizabeth N. Allred, Carmina Erdei, Karl C. K. Kuban, Robert M. Joseph, T. Michael O’Shea, Olaf Dammann, Alan Leviton, The ELGAN Study Investigators

Early Hum Dev. 2018 Jun;121:1-7.


We sought to identify communication and socioemotional characteristics associated with suspected and definite late-bacteremia among 10-y-o children born EP. Definite late-bacteremia was associated with a small but non-statistically significant increased risk of autism on the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-2. Definite late-bacteremia was not associated with behavioral problems identified with the Child Symptom Inventory-4. Compared to peers without bacteremia, those born EP who had suspected or definite late-bacteremia were at increased risk of social and communication impairments identified by SRS and Children’s Communication Checklist-2.