Neurocognitive function of 10-year-old multiples born less than 28 weeks of gestational age

J. Wells Logan, Elizabeth N. Allred, Michael E. Msall, Robert M. Joseph, T. Michael O’Shea, Timothy Heeren, Alan Leviton, Karl C. K. Kuban, and ELGAN Study Investigators

J Perinatol. 2019 Feb;39(2):237-247.

PubMed Link

We compared Z-scores ≤-2 on 18 tests of neurocognitive function and academic achievement at 10 years in 245 children arising from twins, 55 from triplets, and 6 septuplets to 568 singletons, from a total of 874 children born before 28 wks.

Children of multifetal pregnancies performed significantly better on one of six subtests of EF than singleton peers. Performance was similar on other assessments of intelligence, language, academic achievement, processing speed, visual perception, & fine motor skills. We found no evidence that children born of multifetal pregnancies had worse scores than singleton peers on neurocognitive and academic function assessments.